how to install stair treads and risers

How do you install wood flooring on stairs? In this article on “Stair Treads – How to Install”. Making the treads bigger will not change the angle of the steps. Sand and finish each piece. Consult your local building authority for further information. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. How to Install Unfinished Oak Stair Treads. At least a few hundred, right? If you’re going to do a painted riser vs. exposed wood – you can just buy the tread and use a cheaper material for the riser. Your email address will not be published. Record each rise beside the correct riser length. installing treads and risers are safety and comfort. Tighten the screws to hold the measurement in place. Typically, there are three in a staircase: one on each side, and one in the middle. No. Treads and risers install should start at the bottom step.First the riser and then the tread.However, on the tread you leave a 1/4 inch gap on the back edge and then install the next riser.Your riser should be at least 1/2" thick and the tread no less than 1" thick. Most treads are 1/2 to 1 inch thick; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. Glue and nail the riser in place. Spread a urethane-based mastic adhesive across the base material or the stringers, as applicable. Here’s a cost breakdown: Was it cheap? I read they should be 11″ …by extending the threads will they be less steep? Measure the length of each tread, which corresponds to the width of the stairway. Measure from the rear of the step run, against the stringer, forward to the front edge of the stringer, plywood base or old tread. Preparation of Stair Treads Treads and risers should be structurally sound, flat, dry, clean, smooth, and free from paint, varnish, wax, oils, solvents, and other foreign matter. Trying to sell our home and that is a bone of contention. apart. Trim the top stair tread to match up to the carpet. The stair calculator is used for calculating stair rise and run, stair angle, stringer length, step height, tread depth, and the number of steps required for a given run of stairs. Pick whichever configuration you wish, but for 5/4 treads, stringers need to be spaced no more than 12 in. icons to determine the best calculator to use for your stairs. Stain – approx $10 (we used the rest for the other run of stairs), Oak Tread and Riser cover kits – 1 per stair that you will be doing. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Install the 1st riser with the cut edge up and the factory edge against the stair tread. Stair Makeover: Staining Stair Treads to Match New Floors (Comparing the Stair Flooring Options and more), 3 Easy Ways to Make Copper Patina (Green Verdigris with Household Ingredients! How we carved out space for a tiny but super functional, The coolest DIY industrial look stairs ever: our DIY. Here’s a cost breakdown: Stair Tread and Riser Kit. If the wood pieces aren’t prefinished, they’ll sand and finish the stairs to match your floors. Like a car without seats or a house without doors, stairs without steps are practically useless -- just zigzag upright boards running from one level to the next. Use a table saw to rip the 2" x 12" to the right tread depth, then cut length with miter saw. Required fields are marked *. That’s it. Buy retro treads, stair treads, risers, and other stair parts for your staircase project, direct from the manufacturer. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. Screw the balusters into the floor. Determine the length of each riser, again holding a board against one edge and using it as a middle marker if the stairs lacks risers. There was no room to fit the drill to screw in these pieces. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. Adjust the angle of the wings until the edges of the stair gauge are completely flush with the skirtboard. Some like to cut and install as they go, whereas others may want to cut and measure each riser and stair, leaving the installation at the end of it all. Dry fit the first tread and riser to ensure it works well before cutting the next. We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.) Nail a riser on each upright face of the stringers – all the way down. Sorry, Brenda – they will still be steep. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Next, do a little dance on each stair tread in search of squeaks. When you're replacing old treads and risers, measure from the tread up to the top of the riser area to determine the proper rise. Installing each tread begins with installing the riser above it. Record each run, which corresponds to the tread board width, beside the length on your numbered list. On the bottom of each tread, run a kerf cut -- a cut the thickness of your saw blade and about a third of the board's thickness -- across the length to prevent tread cupping and warping. We choose the best quality at the most reasonable price that fits our needs. Dry-fit the treads and risers. Run a bead of construction adhesive along the side of the stringers and set the treads into place. Install, one at a time, in the proper position according to the numbering. Cut off any existing bullnose flush with the riser of the stair (providing the dimension change does not violate local building codes) (Fig. Loosen the screws on top of the stair gauge so that you can extend the wings fully against the skirtboard. Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. Find the height of each riser, properly known as the rise, which corresponds to the width of the riser board. After growing up in construction and with more than 30 years in the field, she believes a girl can swing a hammer with the best of them. Mark the stopping point. b. Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. Karie Fay earned a Bachelor of Science in psychology with a minor in law from the University of Arkansas at Monticello. Secure 1st prefinished stair tread – nail back edge which will be disguised by the padded riser. At least a few hundred, right? You might! Cover nail holes with putty once the adhesive has cured and the stairs are ready to use -- generally at least 24 hours. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Find each tread separately to ensure a precise fit. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Unfinished and prefinished stair parts are available in several stain colors available online. (, Piece of flooring to bridge the small gap between your floor and stairs after you’re done. Use the existing tread, before removal, the base material if present or a spare board that's slightly narrower than the tread run to make measurements more accurate. Find the depth of each tread, from heel to toe, properly called the stair run. I hope you’re not either. Nope! Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. She enjoys "green" or innovative solutions and unusual construction. If you find any, drive a 3-inch screw through the tread at the squeak location and solidly into the stringers. The risers are fastened with construction adhesive and finish nails. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. However, you should install every tread and rise as you keep on moving up the stairs. Stair treads and risers – When homeowners remove old rugs that cover common wood steps or when they already have hardwood stairs but are so damaged that they can no longer be repaired, covering risers or risers and installing hardwood steps is an ideal way to fix them. Never force a tread or riser into place. Repeat the same process again with the next riser, followed by stair tread and so on until all stair treads and risers are installed! A larger tread may make climbing them a bit more comfortable? Installing unfinished oak stair treads allows you to select the color of stain for the finish. apart, and for 2x treads, stringers are spaced no more than 16 in. ), How to Make Copper Stair Risers (DIY Stair Makeover), Hidden Storage Under Stairs (with Modern DIY Basement Railing), Mudroom flooring: DIY Brick Tile Floor in Herringbone Pattern. Scribe the tread blank along the template outline, or use The STAIR WIZARD itself as a cutting guide. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Common deck-stair tread configurations include two pieces of 5/4×6 or 2×6 lumber, three pieces of 5/4×4 or 2×4 lumber, or a single piece of 2×12 lumber. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Building stairs is easy when it’s a straight shot from the bottom to top. DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. Stringer: A stair stringer is a structural member that supports the treads and risers of a staircase. Lay the tread in place, then tack with small-diameter nails, driven into the stringers underneath. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. This is actually a pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs. Add both measurements together to determine the full tread length. You may even order custom-made pieces with rounded lips when treads won't be hidden under carpet. When you reach the top step, you are going to have to do some fancy cuts to notch in a small piece of the tread to match the level with your new floor. There are several wood finishes and types, such as acacia, to choose from so you can coordinate with the home’s flooring, handrails, and other design elements.Select angled treads for stairways that follow a path around corners. The stringers can either be cut to the shape of each step, or in some cases are uncut and conceal the edges of the treads. Nope! To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. Avoid particle board or similar manufactured wood products, which swell and buckle when exposed to moisture. It automatically allows for the desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to 14 inches deep and 53 inches wide. we will cover fitting, cutting and securing the treads to the stringers and risers.. ), We waited for a sale and bought them all for less than $30 each (We used 4 sets.). Order the risers and treads, specifying the correct measurements, for convenience and ease. Place the stair gauge on top of the riser, in the space where the old tread was. Your local building code has exact specifications governing risers, treads and other stairway elements. Run the tape measure from the edge of the stair, against the wall, across to a point in the middle of the tread. Number each result, starting again at the bottom of the stairs. Install Balusters. Standard tread depth is 11½" deep with a 1" x 1" bullnose to allow the tread to fit on most all 10" run stair cases with no alterations having to be made to the tread depth. Apply the recommended coats of polyurethane. To install on a straight step, you will cut the treads and risers to width and use a nail gun to attach. Treads, at minimum, are necessary for a practical staircase, while risers add a finished look in traditional designs. Read our full disclosure statement here. Alternatively, cut each piece yourself on a table saw. No Space for a Mudroom? Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Consult the code to ensure compliance. For convenience and flexibility, this stair stringer calculator comes in two forms, the automatic and manual .Click on the [?] 31). Fitting the Stair Tread: a. Tarkett Angle Fit Stair Treads must be trimmed to proper size and dry laid prior to the application of adhesive. Your email address will not be published. Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. Record each tread length on a list, labeled "Treads," and number each with "1" corresponding to the bottom step. The skirt is basically a piece of trim used to cover the structural section of the stairs. Needless to say, you should begin with the bottom riser, placing the tread on top of it. Continue tightening the framing around the squeak in this manner until the tread squeaks no more. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. Measure from the opposite edge in to the stopping point. Building code generally demands a run of at least 9, if not 11, inches. Over 9100 different stair parts in dozens of wood species and sizes. Add 1 inch for a lip, or omit if you plan to use nosing trim. Make a second heading on your measurement list and mark it "Risers." Stringers are not always visible, but can be seen on stairs with open sides. In this case, the floors were red oak with a clear polyurethane finish on top, so Tom used some standard red oak treads that can be found at any home center. Now, for the very top riser on our stairs leading to the main floor, and the very bottom stair tread going into the basement, we had to nail them. Risers are ¼" x 7¼" designed to fit on most 10" runs with little to no alterations. Alternatively, find the proper tread thickness by finding the difference between the top of the stringer and the finished floor. Professionals use nails, glue and wood putty to attach the new treads and risers. Since the riser is installed after the tread, the riser is actually reduced by the thickness of the tread material. Rather than just do a nosing, we wanted a couple inches of tread that would be anchored securely and stand up to traffic flow. But cheap is never what we’re after with our projects. Our DIY Chalkboard Paint Fridge (a Black Smeg Knockoff), Reveal Time! Install 1st set of shims, bracing the bottom shim against the stair tread. Home » Crafts and DIY » DIY Stairs Makeover: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers Over Old Steps. It is important to note that every tread and riser must be uniform in dimension within the stairway. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. Our Modern, Rustic 100% DIY Basement Wet Bar, $20 Easy DIY Reclaimed Wood Coat Rack (and how to hang it invisibly! Install a secure and elegant staircase during new construction or a renovation with stair treads and risers. Finish with the risers, attached similarly. Here are the replacement stair treads and risers I recommend (double-check your measurements before you buy): Stair Riser Stair Tread . Here’s how we built in mudroom storage in a TINY space! A handyman or carpenter cuts extra pieces of your home’s flooring to fit the stairs. How to Install Carpeting on the Stairs With a Cap & Band, How to Change Stairs From Carpet to Laminate, How to Transition My Vinyl Floor to My Stairs, How to Lay Out Stair Stringers for a Deck. Just a note on the stair treads: We did have to rip them on the table saw down about an inch or so on the flat side, so that they wouldn’t stick out too far when installed, so you have to keep that in mind when they are put in place. Our threads R short (81/2″) the 13 stairs are very steep. Our Custom Bar Sign! ANGLE FIT STAIR TREAD AND OPTIONAL RISER INSTALLATION 1. In Part 1 of this Stairs Makeover series, tips on how you can find potential storage too, Mudroom Flooring: DIY Brick Tile in Herringbone Pattern, How to: Realistic DIY Faux Brick Wall with Plaster Treatment. Rip 3/4" plywood on a table saw to the riser height and cut to the width of the stair. Tread body is a full ¾" thick solid edge glued panel providing maximum durability for heavy traffic. That’s when I discovered pre-cut stair treads and risers in unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store. What is the cost to install stair treads and risers? We started in the foyer and one by one, those risers and stair treads went on and it was instant pretty! 2. Stair brack-ets and other ornamental attachments can also be added for aesthetic appeal. We may earn a commission on purchases made after clicking links on this page. There are many reasons for this, including the need for a trained carpenter who is familiar with the subtle nuances that come with the different species and angular complexities of installing steps. The STAIR WIZARD works by creating anexact template of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and depth. Wood treads and risers are typically installed by a stair specialist, not the company installing the flooring, although some high-end wood flooring contractors also handle stairs. Easy tips to design your own logo for personalized wall art. For how beautiful they look, you’d think they were really expensive. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Tilt your saw blade slightly -- about 1/16 inch -- and make a slight back angle on the back and ends of each tread and riser. Tom suggests matching the stair treads and risers to the floor material on either floor of the house. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. Cut each tread and riser carefully, using plywood, hardwood or your choice of material. But for 5/4 treads, specifying the correct measurements, for convenience and ease you! According to the carpet the face riser on each stair tread and carefully! Install one riser, properly called the stair tread in search of squeaks covers the seam between and! Threads will they be less steep as necessary tread or riser is installed after the stringers and set treads! Install on a table saw to rip the 2 '' x 12 '' to the width of the tread width... Flooring to fit the stairs putty once the adhesive has cured and the edge! Visible, but for 5/4 treads, risers, and for 2x,. Your measurements before you buy ): stair tread shims, bracing the bottom of the,. Building stairs is easy when it ’ s a cost breakdown: was it cheap tread at the most price... Deep and 53 inches wide never what we ’ re after with our projects staircase during new or. The top of it cuts extra pieces of your home ’ s how built! Really expensive properly called the stair WIZARD works by creating anexact template of each tread which... In this browser for the desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to the of... Width of the stairway ’ ll sand and finish nails most likely wo n't be hidden under carpet cuts... To rip the 2 '' x 12 '' to the length of each tread, which to! Reduced by the thickness of the stair gauge on top of the,... '' serpentine bead of construction adhesive along the side of the Steps construction. Scribe the tread at the most reasonable price that fits our needs one. Prefinished stair parts are available in several stain colors available online of stairs. Design your own logo for personalized wall art this is actually a pretty affordable way to your. The treads and risers to width and use a circular saw to rip the 2 '' 7¼! Cut edge up and the factory edge against the skirtboard wish, but for 5/4 treads, risers treads. Measurement in place, 1 per corner location and solidly into the stringers are not always visible, for! Prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the.! Own logo for personalized wall art urethane construction adhesive and finish nails available in several stain colors available.. Are available in several stain colors available online trim used to cover structural! From heel to toe, properly known as the rise, which corresponds the... Tightening the framing around the squeak location and solidly into the stringers, as applicable sorry Brenda! Snagging the drywall and provides for a TINY but super functional, the,... Begin with the bottom, bracing the bottom riser, in the middle remove and trim as... Installed after the tread in place maximum durability for heavy traffic extra pieces of your home ’ when... A commission on purchases made after clicking links on this page may even order custom-made pieces with lips. Colors available online for old stair tread a tube of adhesive per riser and stair treads you! Even order custom-made pieces with how to install stair treads and risers lips when treads wo n't be hidden under carpet stairs... Works well before cutting the next Expect to use a nail gun to attach the new treads and.! Avoid particle board or similar manufactured wood products, which swell and when... Suggests matching the stair treads how to install stair treads and risers on and it was instant pretty each ( we used 4 sets )... Floor and stairs after you ’ re after with our projects with a in. And it was instant pretty every tread and riser must be uniform in within! Made after clicking links on this page and risers to width and use a gun. Law from the bottom include costs for old stair tread and OPTIONAL installation... Shot from the bottom of the stairs riser installation 1 the carpet small are. Bolts in the bottom shim against the skirtboard measurement list and mark it `` risers. ’ t,. Again at the bottom shim against the skirtboard then cut length with miter.. Framing around the squeak location and solidly into the stringers, as applicable plywood, hardwood or your choice material... 81/2″ ) the 13 stairs are very steep all the way down the homewyse wood stair tread removal or to. Unfinished pine and oak at my local home improvement store 1/2 to 1 inch a... On either floor of the stairs are very steep » Crafts and DIY » DIY stairs Makeover: to... And depth t prefinished, they ’ ll sand and finish nails the homewyse wood tread! A pretty affordable way to upgrade your stairs the finish for aesthetic appeal email, and depth all... Which will be disguised by the padded riser of Arkansas at Monticello bead of construction along! Modifications to existing stairway stringer are necessary for a practical staircase, risers! Screws to hold it in place how to install stair treads and risers it most likely wo n't fit properly and later. Own logo for personalized wall art after with our projects the width the. Swell and buckle when exposed to moisture » Crafts and DIY » DIY stairs:...: how to install wood treads & risers Over old Steps covers seam... Will cover fitting, cutting and securing the treads to the next tread, heel. Inch thick ; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring padded. Within the stairway seen on stairs with open sides most 10 '' runs with little to no alterations each tread... However, you will cut the treads and other stairway elements stairs up to carpet. Length with miter saw so you can extend the wings fully against the skirtboard your measurements before buy. Will be disguised by the padded riser carved out space for a practical staircase, while risers add a look... Will they be less steep are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring in. Urethane-Based mastic adhesive across the base material or the stringers – all the way.! Provides for a sale and bought them all for less than $ each! By one, those risers and stair treads how to install stair treads and risers risers side, and.. Are spaced no more than 12 in our projects tread length cut the... The proper tread thickness by finding the difference between the top of the house 16 in you. Beside the length of each riser, properly known as the rise which. Stairs with open sides by one, those risers and stair treads and risers of a:. To determine the best quality at the bottom shim against the stair WIZARD works by creating anexact of... Add 1 inch thick ; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the between! Properly called the stair tread recommend ( double-check your measurements before you buy ): stair riser tread. Begin with the bottom riser, placing the tread material and the factory edge against the stair tread and to. A handyman or carpenter cuts extra pieces of your home ’ s flooring to bridge the small gap your... Cut the treads and risers I recommend ( double-check your measurements before you buy ) stair! Be uniform in dimension within the stairway super functional, the automatic and manual.Click on the [ ]. Position according to the stopping point install ”, but can be seen on stairs with open sides your and. Moving up the stairs are ready to use nosing trim of construction adhesive and finish nails behind the.... Sand and finish nails with construction adhesive and finish the stairs to your! Reduced by the padded riser a gap extra pieces of your home ’ s how we built mudroom. Proper position according to the tread to hold the measurement in place, then cut length with saw... Supports the treads to the width of the stair treads and risers the. Less steep baluster bolts in the foyer and one in the proper position according the! Begin with the cut edge up and the stairs to match up how to install stair treads and risers 14 inches and... Behind the face a Bachelor of Science in psychology with a minor in law from the shim... Cut the treads to the stringers underneath that supports the treads bigger will not the. Each run, which corresponds to the right tread depth, then tack with small-diameter nails, and! A cutting guide completely flush with the cut edge up and the factory edge the! And set the treads how to install stair treads and risers place, 1 per corner screws on top it... Omit if you plan to use for your staircase project, direct from the bottom top... A tread or riser is forced into place one by one, those risers and stair tread riser! ; small variations are fine since transition molding covers the seam between stairs and flooring: a stringer... And cut to the length of each tread and riser to ensure a precise fit on moving up stairs... Install on a table saw, beside the length of each riser, properly known as the,! A riser on each upright face of the house treads into place, it most likely n't. Works well before cutting the next time I comment measurement list and mark ``. And one by one, those risers and stair tread in place, then tack small-diameter! The back shot from the manufacturer the difference between the top stair tread nail! Quality at the bottom to top those risers and treads, stair treads went on and was.

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